Academy of Europe
The Academy of Europe
, founded in 1988, honors those scientists and scholars as members who “collectively aim to promote learning, education, and research.” The Academy is made up of “leading experts from the physical sciences and technology, biological sciences and medicine, mathematics, the letters and humanities, social and cognitive sciences, economics, and the law.”In order to produce technical reports of this magnitude, the Academy collaborates with national academies of science in EU countries through the European Academies Science Advisory Council
(EASAC). The goal of the Academy is to eventually obtain an advisory role for social sciences and humanities, not only for the EU, but also the Council of Europe.
Academy of Medical Sciences Award
The Academy of Medical Sciences Award
is an award that is given to Fellows at the Academy of Medical Sciences in the United Kingdom based on the excellence of their science, their contributions to medicine and society, and the range of their achievements. Fellows are drawn from laboratory science, clinical academic science, dentistry, medical and nursing care, and other professions allied to medical science.
Albert Einstein World Award of Science
The Albert Einstein World Award of Science
is an annual award given by the World Cultural Council as a means of recognition, and as an incentive to scientific and technological research and development with special consideration given for research that “has brought true benefit and well being to mankind.”
American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows
United StatesAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows
is an honor accorded by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) to distinguished persons for “efforts on behalf of the advancement of science or its applications, which are scientifically or socially distinguished.” Examples of areas in which nominees may have made significant contributions are research, teaching, technology, services to professional societies, administration in academia, industry, and government, and communicating and interpreting science to the public. Election as a Fellow of AAAS is an honor bestowed upon members by their peers.
The Copley Medal
is an international scientific award given by the Royal Society of London for “outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science.” The Medal alternates between the physical sciences and the biological sciences. Given every year, the medal is the oldest Royal Society medal still awarded, and probably the oldest surviving scientific award in the world, having first been given in 1731.
The Crafoord Prize was established in 1980 and the first prize was awarded in 1982. The prize is intended to promote international basic research in the following disciplines:
- Astronomy and Mathematics
- Biosciences, with particular emphasis on ecology
- Polyarthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)
The laureates are announced in mid-January each year, and the prize is presented in April/May on “Crafoord Day.” The prize is received from the hand of His Majesty the King of Sweden.
Dan David Prize
The Dan David Prize
grants three international awards for outstanding achievement each year. Fields are chosen for past, present, and future. The Dan David Prize is awarded for innovative and interdisciplinary research. Prize laureates donate 10 percent of their prize money to doctoral scholarships for outstanding PhD students and postdoctoral scholarships for outstanding researchers in their own field from around the world.
Dr. A.H. Heineken and Dr. H.P. Heineken Prizes
The Dr. A.H. Heineken
and Dr. H.P. Heineken Prizes
, are international awards named in honor of Alfred Heineken
, former Chairman of Heineken Holdings
, and Henry Pierre Heineken
, son of founder Gerard Adriaan Heineken
. The selection system of the Heineken Prizes can be compared to that of the Nobel Prizes. Scientists from all over the world are invited to nominate fellow scientists for the Heineken Prizes. Independent committees consisting of eminent scientists and chaired by a member of the board of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences select the winners.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize
The Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize
is the most important research award in Germany. The Leibniz Program, established in 1985, is designed to improve the working conditions of outstanding scientists and academics, to expand their research opportunities, to relieve them of administrative tasks, and to help them employ particularly qualified young researchers. Award recipients are first chosen from a slate of nominations put forward by third parties. The final selection is made by the Joint Committee on the basis of a recommendation from the Leibniz Nominations Committee.
Grand Prix Charles-Leopold Mayer Award (French Academy of Sciences)
FranceGrand Prix Charles-Leopold Mayer Award (French Academy of Sciences)
The Grande Médaille
of French Academy of Science was established in 1977 and is awarded annually to a researcher who has contributed in a substantial manner to the advancement of science. The prize may go to a French national or to a foreign scientist, who has contributed in some remarkable and decisive way to progress in his/her field.
Harry Oppenheimer Fellowship Award
The Harry Oppenheimer Fellowship Award
is awarded annually by the Oppenheimer Memorial Trust. This award is considered the top award for research on the African continent. The Award was created in 2001 in South Africa
by the Trustees of the Oppenheimer Memorial Trust, which was established in 1958 by Harry Oppenheimer
in memory of his father, Sir Ernest Oppenheimer
The Harvey Prize
rewards excellence by recognizing breakthroughs in science and technology. This international prize is awarded annually in a variety of disciplines within the categories of science and technology and human health. The Harvey Prize has also been awarded for contributions to peace in the Middle East. Harvey Prize winners are selected by a council of world-renowned scientists and experts in each field through a rigorous selection process. Laureates are requested to come to the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to receive their awards. While in Israel, recipients give lectures and meet with Israeli scientists, academicians, and leaders at Technion and other universities. Material from these lectures is published in a continuing library, “the Harvey Prize Papers.”
The Ho-Am Prize
is a Korean
annual award awarded to “domestic/abroad ethnic Korean who has made outstanding contributions to the development of science and culture and enhancement of the welfare of mankind.” The Ho-Am Prize is often referred to as the Korean equivalent of the Nobel Prize
. Awarded since 1991, the Prize is funded by Samsung
and named after their former chairman, Lee Byung-chull
(Ho-Am is his pen name which means filling up a space with clear water as lakes do, and being unshakeable as a large rock
The Humboldt Prize
, also known as the Humboldt Research Award, is an international award given by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
to internationally renowned scientists. Up to one hundred such awards are granted each year. Nominations must be submitted by established academics in Germany. The award is named after the late Prussian naturalist
, and explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy
The Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy
is awarded to persons who have achieved notable research landmarks or who have authored outstanding academic papers or books. One of the Academy's most important functions involves conferring these prizes, which have been awarded annually since 1911. Since 1949, these prize award ceremonies have been graced by the presence of Akihito, the Emperor of Japan
. Since 1990, both the Emperor and Empress have attended.
International Balzan Prize
The International Balzan Prize
awards are presented annually to people or organizations
that have made outstanding achievements in the fields of humanities, natural sciences, culture, as well as for endeavors for peace and the brotherhood of man.
The Japan Prize
is a prestigious international award presented to individuals whose original and outstanding achievements are not only scientifically impressive, but have also served to promote peace and prosperity for all mankind. The Prize is awarded by the Japan Prize Foundation
. Since its inception in 1985, the Foundation has awarded 81 people from 13 countries. In principle, the award is intended for a single person but small groups of researchers are also eligible. The person must be alive to be named a Japan Prize Laureate.
Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Medal
The Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Medal
was established in 1989 by the Indian National Science Academy. The award is given annually for international cooperation in science and technology and for contributions to public understanding of science. Scientists from all nations are eligible for consideration.
The Kavli Prize
was established in 2005 through a joint venture between the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
, the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
, and The Kavli Foundation
. The main objective for this international prize is to honor, support, and recognize scientists for outstanding scientific work in the fields of astrophysics
, and neuroscience
. Three international prizes have been award every two years since 2008. The Kavli Prize was awarded the first time in September 2008. The prizes were presented by His Royal Highness Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Keio Medical Science Prize
The Keio Medical Science Prize
gives recognition to the outstanding and creative achievements of researchers in the fields of medicine and life sciences, in particular those contributing to scientific developments in medicine. This international prize is designed to promote worldwide advances in medicine and life sciences, to encourage the expansion of researcher networks throughout the world, and to contribute to the well-being of humankind.
Korean Academy of Science Award
The Korean Academy of Science Award
presented by the National Academy of Sciences to Korean scholars and scientists who have made significant contributions to the development of sciences through research and academic pursuits.
The Kyoto Prize
is an international award honoring those who have contributed significantly to the scientific, cultural, and spiritual betterment of mankind. The Prize is presented annually in each of the following three categories: advanced technology, basic sciences, and arts and philosophy. Laureates shall in principle be individuals (one person per category). However, in special cases a single prize may be shared among more than one person. Selection is made without regard to nationality, race, sex, age, or religion.
Louis Jeantet Prize
The Louis Jeantet Prize
, was established in 1986 and is awarded annually to experienced researchers who have distinguished themselves in the field of biomedical research in Europe. The main fields of research that are promoted are physiology, biophysics, structural biology, biochemistry, cellular and molecular biology, developmental biology and genetics. The Louis-Jeantet Prize for medicine has notably supported outstanding work on immunology, virology, bacteriology, neurobiology and in clinical epidemiology. The Foundation rewards excellence. Several winners of the Louis-Jeantet Prize for medicine have subsequently been distinguished by the Nobel Prizes in physiology or medicine, or in chemistry.
Marcel Linsman Prize (or Linsman Prize)
The Marcel Linsman Prize (or Linsman Prize)
is a Belgian prize awarded to living scientists only every three years for excellence in the biomedical sciences. The prize is restricted to researchers with a medical or engineering degree who have performed research in Belgium. The age limit is 45 years, but there is no restriction on the citizenship. For many years, the preference has been given to researchers in the field of neuroscience. The prize is usually awarded by the influential AILg, a Belgian academic association of Engineers, during an official ceremony taking place in one Belgian university during which two other prestigious prizes in different fields are awarded. Similar to other prestigious prize ceremonies, the recipients deliver a scientific presentation of their research. The reputation achieved by this prize is widely recognized among academics in Europe.
McLaughlin Medal from the Royal Society of Canada
The McLaughlin Medal from the Royal Society of Canada
is awarded to scientists for important research of sustained excellence in medical science. The McLaughlin Medal was established in 1978 by the Royal Society of Canada through the generosity of the R. Samuel McLaughlin Foundation to recognize distinguished achievement in medical sciences in Canada. The medal is awarded for important research of sustained excellence in any branch. Most awardees are Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada.
Miroslaw Romanowski Medal from the Royal Society of Canada
The Miroslaw Romanowski Medal from the Royal Society of Canada
is an award that is presented to scientists forscientific work relating to environmental problems. The medal is awarded for significant contributions to the resolution of scientific aspects of environmental problems or for important improvements to the quality of an ecosystem in all aspects—terrestrial, atmospheric, and aqueous—brought about by scientific means. An annual lecture series for the award recipient is also associated with the medal. Most awardees are Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada.
Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
is an order of chivalry that recognizes distinguished service to the arts and sciences, public services, as well as works with charitable and welfare organizations.
National Academy of Medicine
The National Academy of Medicine
, formerly the
Institute of Medicine is renowned for its research program, but it is also an honorific organization with more than 1,700 members and foreign associates who donate their time to put their knowledge and expertise to work for the nation's health. Each year, the full membership elects up to 65 new members and five foreign associates to the National Academy of Medicine. Members are elected for their excellence and professional achievement in a field relevant to the National Academy of Medicine's mission and for their willingness to participate actively in its work. These individuals represent not only the health care professions but also the natural, social, and behavioral sciences, as well as law, administration, engineering, and the humanities. For those at the top of their field, membership in the National Academy of Medicine reflects the height of professional achievement and commitment to service.
National Medal of Science
The National Medal of Science
was created by statute in 1959, and is administered for the White House by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Awarded annually, the medal recognizes individuals who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering.
National Order of Merit
The National Order of Merit
is an award that was founded by Charles de Gaulle in 1963 and rewards distinguished civil or military service. This order was created to avoid a too large number of members in the Order of the Legion of Honor. The Grand Master is the French President. This order has the same classes and dignities that the Legion of Honor has. SOT members who have been elected for services to sciences are:
EnglandNational Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs) NC3Rs Prize
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine or Chemistry
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine or Chemistry is an international award administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize. Each prize consists of a medal, personal diploma, and a cash award. A person or organization awarded the Nobel Prize is called Nobel Laureate. The word “Laureate” refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In Ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honor.
Order of the Legion of Honor
The Order of the Legion of Honor
was founded by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802 and rewards eminent civil or military services. The Grand Master is the French President. There are three classes (chevalier or Knight, officer, and commander) and two dignities (grand officer and grand cross).
The Royal Society
is a self-governing Fellowship
of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine. The Society’s fundamental purpose, reflected in its founding Charters of the 1660s
, is to recognize, promote, and support excellence in science and to encourage the development and use of science for the benefit of humanity.
The Society has played a part in some of the most fundamental, significant, and life-changing discoveries in scientific history
and Royal Society scientists continue to make outstanding contributions to science in many research areas.
Royal Society of Chemistry
The Royal Society of Chemistry
is the largest organization in Europe for advancing the chemical sciences. Supported by a worldwide network of members and an international publishing business, our activities span education, conferences, science policy and the promotion of chemistry to the public. A designation of a Fellow is granted to those with substantial career progression who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of chemical sciences. The Royal Society is supported by a worldwide network of members who carry the distinction of FRSC after their names.
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
is an independent organization whose overall objective is to promote the sciences and strengthen their influence in society. Among other things, the Academy seeks to be a forum where researchers can meet across subject borders to offer unique research environments, support young researchers, reward prominent contributions to research, and arrange international scientific contacts.
Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
The Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
is a prestigious organization that is headquartered in Moscow. The academy is composed of more than 60 research institutes and councils that span multiple areas of medicine. Election to the academy is considered the highest honor for medical scientists in Russia.
The Shaw Prize
was established under the auspices of Mr. Run Shaw in November 2002 and honors individuals, regardless of race, nationality, gender, and religious belief, who have achieved significant breakthrough in academic and scientific research or application and whose work has resulted in a positive and profound impact on mankind. The Shaw Prize consists of three annual prizes including astronomy, life science and medicine, and mathematical sciences.
Sydney Brenner Fellowship Academy of Science South Africa
The Sydney Brenner Fellowship Academy of Science South Africa
was established when Dr. Sydney Brenner donated a portion of his 2002 Nobel Prize to Academy of Sciences for South Africa to permit the Academy, in partnership with the United States National Academy of Sciences and the Oppenheimer Memorial Trust, to offer a prestigious postdoctoral fellowship for research in molecular biology to be undertaken in South Africa over two years by an outstanding young scientist. Brenner mentors the fellows during and after tenure of the Fellowship.
The Lasker Awards
United StatesThe Lasker Awards
are among the most respected science prizes in the world. Since 1945, the Awards Program has recognized the contributions of scientists, physicians, and public servants who have made major advances in the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, cure, and prevention of human disease. Lasker Awards often presage future recognition by the Nobel committee, so they have become popularly known as “America’s Nobels.” Eighty-three Lasker laureates have received the Nobel Prize, including 31 in the last two decades. The Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award honors scientists whose fundamental investigations have provided techniques, information, or concepts contributing to the elimination of major causes of disability and death.
The National Academy of Sciences
United StatesThe National Academy of Sciences (NAS)
is composed of approximately 2,100 members and 380 foreign associates, of whom nearly 200 have won Nobel Prizes. Members and foreign associates of the Academy are elected in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research; election to the Academy is considered one of the highest honors that can be accorded a scientist or engineer.
The Royal Society of Canada
The Royal Society of Canada
was known as The Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada Established in 1882 The Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada is known as the senior Canadian collegium of distinguished scholars, artists and scientists. It is Canada’s National Academy. The primary objective of the Society is to promote learning and research in the arts, the humanities and the natural and social sciences. The mission of the RSC is: “To serve Canada and Canadians by recognizing Canada’s leading intellectuals, scholars, researchers and artists and by mobilizing them in open discussion and debate, to advance knowledge, encourage integrated interdisciplinary understandings and address issues that are critical to Canada and Canadians.”
The Tang Prize
TaiwanThe Tang Prize
is an international award that recognizes the most original and influential researchers or institutes in the areas of sustainable development, biopharmaceuticals science, sinology (excluding literary works), and rule of law. The prize is intended to encourage scholars to dedicate themselves to research and work towards sustainability and balanced development. The Tang Prize is named after the Tang Dynasty, which is much admired by the prize founder. The dynasty was a golden age of cosmopolitan culture and the high point of China's prosperity.
The Wolf Prize
is an international award that has been presented most years since 1978 to living scientists and artists for “achievements in the interest of mankind and friendly relations among peoples. irrespective of nationality, race, color, religion, sex or political views.” The prize is awarded in Israel by the Wolf Foundation, founded by Dr. Ricardo Wolf, a German-born inventor and former Cuban ambassador to Israel. The Prize is awarded in six fields: agriculture, chemistry, mathematics, medicine, physics, and an arts prize that rotates between architecture, music, painting, and sculpture. In medicine, the prize is probably the third most prestigious, after the Nobel Prize and the Lasker Award.
World Cultural Council
The World Cultural Council
is an international organization, based in Mexico, whose objectives are to promote culture, values, and goodwill throughout the world. One of the means by which it strives to do so is by granting the Albert Einstein World Award of Science, the José Vasconcelos World Award of Education and the Leonardo da Vinci World Award of Arts to outstanding personalities whose work has had a significantly positive impact on the cultural legacy of mankind. The members of the Council include several Nobel laureates.