Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.
PHS (Public Health Service), 1996, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
Washington, D.C., 28 pp. (PL 99-158. Health Research Extension Act, 1985).
The policy is available from NIH Office of Protection from Research Risks,
6100 Executive Blvd., MSC 7507, Suite 3801, Rockville, MD 20892-7507.
Importance of Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research is a PHS
statement available from the Public Health Service, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville,
Animal Welfare Act of 1966 (P.L. 89-544) as amended by the Animal Welfare
Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-579); 1976 Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act (P.L.
94-279); the Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198), Subtitle F (Animal Welfare
File Name: PL99198); and the Food and Agriculture Conservation and Trade Act
of 1990 (P.L. 101-624), Section 2503, Protection of Pets (File Name: PL101624).
Rules and regulations pertaining to implementation are published in the Code
of Federal Regulations, Title 9 (Animals and Animal Products), Chapter 1,
Subchapter A (Animal Welfare). Available from Regulatory Enforcement and Animal
Care, APHIS, USDA, Unit 85, 4700 River Road, Riverdale, MD 20737-1234, File
for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Institute of Laboratory
Animal Resources, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council,
National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1996 or succeeding revised editions.
Principles for Biomedical Research involving Animals. Council for International
Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), Geneva, 1985.
Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental
and Other Scientific Purposes. Council of Europe, ETS No. 123, 1986.
Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research, Testing, and
Education. Ad Hoc Animal Research Committee, New York Academy of Sciences,
and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals. A Report of the
Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources Committee on Pain and Distress in
Laboratory Animals. NCR (National Research Council). Washington, D.C.:
National Academy Press, 1992.
Education and Training
in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: A Guide for Developing Institutional
AVMA (American Veterinary Medical Association). Report of the AVMA panel on
euthanasia. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 202(2):229-249, 1993.
to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals. CCAC (Canadian Council
on Animal Care) Vol. 1, 2nd ed. Edited by E. D. Olfert, B. M. Cross, and A.
A. McWilliam. Ontario, Canada: Canadian Council on Animal Care, 1993. 211
Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM)
Centre for Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM)
Welfare Information Center, USDA
Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
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